Iceland again ranked most peaceful country on earth

11.06.2020 - 10:11
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Iceland is the most peaceful country on earth for the 13th year in a row, according to the latest Institute for Economics & Peace analysis. New Zealand is second on the newest list and Portugal third. IEP has been compiling the Global Peace Index every year since 2008.

The main conclusion of the latest Index is that global security has decreased slightly between years, as it has done in nine of the past 12 years. Each country has become an average of 0.34 percent less safe and peaceful since the last Index was released. The world has become 2.5 percent less peaceful since 2008. 

The deterioration in global peace is not uniform, however, as the Global Peace Index ranks 81 countries as more secure this year and 80 countries as less secure than last year. 

Across a variety of categories, some of this year’s biggest improvements were seen in countries including Russia, Armenia, Bahrain, Azerbaijan, and across North America. 

The top 20 countries on this year’s Global Peace Index are: 

  1. Iceland 
  2. New-Zealand 
  3. Portugal 
  4. Austria 
  5. Denmark 
  6. Canada 
  7. Singapore 
  8. Czech Republic 
  9. Japan 
  10. Switzerland 
  11. Slovenia 
  12. Republic of Ireland 
  13. Australia 
  14. Finland 
  15. Sweden 
  16. Germany 
  17. Belgium 
  18. Norway (Norway and Belgium are tied in the same position) 
  19. Bhutan 
  20. Malaysia 

The bottom five countries are Afghanistan, Syria, Iraq, South Sudan, and Yemen. 

23 qualitative and quantitative measures were used to give each country a points total across three categories: general security, ongoing domestic and international disputes, and militarisation.  

The results suggest the gap between the most and least peaceful countries is growing and that the frequency of global pandemics has tripled in four decades. It is forecast that 86 million people from sub-Saharan Africa will be displaced by climate change by 2050, 40 million people in southern Asia, and 17 million in Central and South America. 

The full report can be viewed here. 

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Alexander Elliott
Project manager
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