Iceland again ranked most peaceful country on earth
The main conclusion of the latest Index is that global security has decreased slightly between years, as it has done in nine of the past 12 years. Each country has become an average of 0.34 percent less safe and peaceful since the last Index was released. The world has become 2.5 percent less peaceful since 2008.
The deterioration in global peace is not uniform, however, as the Global Peace Index ranks 81 countries as more secure this year and 80 countries as less secure than last year.
Across a variety of categories, some of this year’s biggest improvements were seen in countries including Russia, Armenia, Bahrain, Azerbaijan, and across North America.
The top 20 countries on this year’s Global Peace Index are:
- Czech Republic
- Republic of Ireland
- Norway (Norway and Belgium are tied in the same position)
The bottom five countries are Afghanistan, Syria, Iraq, South Sudan, and Yemen.
23 qualitative and quantitative measures were used to give each country a points total across three categories: general security, ongoing domestic and international disputes, and militarisation.
The results suggest the gap between the most and least peaceful countries is growing and that the frequency of global pandemics has tripled in four decades. It is forecast that 86 million people from sub-Saharan Africa will be displaced by climate change by 2050, 40 million people in southern Asia, and 17 million in Central and South America.